Tanis is 75 km2 from Zagazig and 130 km from Cairo. And it is called (Tanis), which is the Greek name as for the pharaonic name (Jaanat) and it was the political capital of Egypt during the rule of the 21st and 23rd dynasties. It was a major city during the periods of history until the end of the Roman era and the monuments of Tanis presents an epic for Delta history in general, which is rich in Pharaonic monuments and also monuments from the Greek era and the Roman, especially, because it was the main route for the conquest of the Hittites in Asia Minor and the defense of Egypt in the event of an external invasion. Tanis is considered as Luxor in Lower Egypt because of its royal temples, obelisks, wells and palaces.
San Al-Hajjar monuments:
· Temples: The region is rich in many huge stone temples led by the great temple of the god Amun with his statues, obelisks and wells The god Amun: It is one of the largest temples in Lower Egypt and its stones of paintings and statues of various sizes and shapes are still present, and the temple includes a huge granite gate preceded by huge statues of Ramses II, accompanied by his beloved wife, Mirren Amun and his Hittite wife. Also there is a statue in the form of a Sphinx, and in the temple there is the Holy Lake, which is next in importance to Karnak Lake in Luxor, and there are huge walls of a structure dating back to the year 1070 BC approximately.
· Obelisks: The San Al-Hajar monuments area is rich in a huge amount of obelisks that put it on the list of the richest areas in Egypt in the number of obelisks. It still has 20 obelisks and is distinguished by its enormity, all of which are engraved with the names and titles of Ramses II, his victories and his glories, including the obelisk at Cairo International Airport, in addition to a group of huge statues of King Ramses.
· Wells: There are (4) wells built of white limestone in the region, three of them are circular and the last is square in shape, all of which are used to extract water into the great temple of the god Amun, and these wells are distinguished by their uniqueness as there are no such numbers in another region in Egypt.